夜空中最亮的25颗星
影像来源与版权:Tragoolchitr Jittasaiyapan

说明:你知道一些最亮星的名称吗?你很可能知道,即使一些亮星的名称如此古老,它们可以追溯到有文字记载的初期。许多世界文化对最亮星都赋予了他们自己的名称,记住它们在文化和历史上都是非常重要的。然而,为了清楚的进行国际交流,国际天文学联合会(IAU)已经开始指定标准的恒星名称。以上这幅真彩色特征影像呈现了目前人类所看到夜空中最亮的25颗星,加上它们被IAU确认的姓名。一些恒星的名称具有有趣的含义,包括天狼星(拉丁语是“炎热天气”)、织女星(阿拉伯语是“坠落”)和心宿二(希腊语是“与火星竞争”)。你可能也不太熟悉其他的亮星名称,即使熟悉的北极星因为太过黯淡而不能列入这份名单中。
翻译:北京天文馆

25 Brightest Stars in the Night Sky
Image Credit & Copyright: Tragoolchitr Jittasaiyapan

Explanation: Do you know the names of some of the brightest stars? It’s likely that you do, even though some bright stars have names so old they date back to near the beginning of written language. Many world cultures have their own names for the brightest stars, and it is culturally and historically important to remember them. In the interest of clear global communication, however, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) has begun to designate standardized star names. Featured above in true color are the 25 brightest stars in the night sky, currently as seen by humans, coupled with their IAU-recognized names. Some star names have interesting meanings, including Sirius (“the scorcher” in Latin), Vega (“falling” in Arabic), and Antares (“rival to Mars” in Greek). It’s also likely that other of these bright star names are not familiar to you, even though familiar Polaris is too dim to make this list.
Astronomy Picture of the Day 06/25/2019